عکس ekm507
Generate music and sound effects by python and mathematics (digital signal processing)Python
موضوع‌ها
۰
فورک‌ها
۱
ستاره‌ها
۸
تاریخ ایجاد
۱۰ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
آخرین بروزرسانی
بیشتر از ۱ سال قبل
لایسنس
GNU General Public License v3.0

MahdiO: generate music

Generate music sound effects using mathematics.

how to use

well, this project is not written the best way of it. I mean It works, but using this is a bit difficult.

there are some functions in this project. working with each other to craft you a music.
the file audio4.py shows you an example how to use it.
it simply gets a midi file as input and generates a music based on notes the file provides.

but I will make a better wiki for this later! I promise!

files in this repo

  • functions.py for generating basic audio functions.
  • notes.py for generating notes.
  • midi_conversions.py for converting note number to frequency.
  • instruments.py for describing each instrument.
  • music.py for generating music.
  • write.py for writing generated audio into a wave file
  • read_midi.py for reading notes data from .mid files
  • audio*.py for test.

how it works

any note we hear is consisted of a sine function with a main frequency summed up with it's harmonics- each with it's own amplitude.
adding up sine functions, we create a new function for each instrument which is it's basic sound. see harmonics function in functions.py.

but this is not enough by itself to make a nice sound.
amplitude of a sound changes dampingly over time. this is also a unique property of an instrument. see instrument* and push_instrument* functions in instruments.py.

different notes have different frequencies. harmonics change respecting to main frequency. see notes.py to learn more.

combining notes by synthesizing them, we create a music. each note has a duration and a note number. look up music.py to see how it works.

so now we can generate sounds but we need notes! the funcion read_midi in file read_midi.py gets a midi file as input and extracts notes out of it to use.

now we are ready to generate a music from zero!
look up audio*.py to see how a list of notes by time and some more details can make a nice music!
finally we should save generated audio wave into a .wav (wave) file. the function write_to_file in write.py does it. and when done, it's done!

TODO

  1. different tracks in midi file, each have their own instrument. add a support for this

  2. get timing info from midi file

  3. write better instruments.

  4. make documentation for code. maybe rewrite this README file too.

  5. make a wiki for developers so it will be easier to develope.