عکس aariow
Execute Laravel Artisan commands via REST APIs and HTTP requests safely.PHP
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Artisan Api


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There might be some times you wanted to execute an Artisan command, but you did not have access to shell or SSH. Here we brought REST API solution for you.

You are able to run Artisan commands by REST APIs easily.

Table of contents

Get Started

To use this package, you should install it alongside Laravel v9.5 and PHP v8.0 or higher.

you can install it via Composer package manager:

composer require aariow/artisan-api --dev

Although, Artisan-Api has production decetor itself, it is possible to install it globally.

Endpoints

As its name explains, all commands are available via HTTP with POST method. All commands will be generated as routes and integrated into Laravel Routing system. You only need to send a POST request and follow the signature, like other REST API endpoints.

There are two kinds of commands; one is normal commands like php artisan list or php artisan cache:clear, and the second form is GeneratorCommands which tend to create files within your application like make:model and make:migration. These kind of commands have different purposes, you should follow diffenerent convention.

GeneratorCommand are instance of Illuminate\Console\GeneratorCommand that extends Illuminate\Console\Command class.

All commands existed by default or created by you will be discovered automatically and you do not have to do anything manually. Thus, their endpoints will be generated dynamically to your application. So if you delete/add any command class, there is no reason to worry.

Routes

Let's dive into using endpoints:

Routes are generated with the following format:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/{command}/{subcommand}?args=key1:value1,key2:value2&options=opt1:value1,opt2


So the above endpoint will be translated to:

php artisan command:subcommand value1 value2 --opt1=value1 --opt2


And for Generator commands the endpoint is:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/{command}/{subcommand}/{name}?args=key1:value1,key2:value2&options=opt1:value1,opt2

Pay attention that there is a name variable. As all Generator commands need an argument called name, this needs to be specified by what you desire.


Command Examples:

php artisan list

will be translated to:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/list


and this:

php artisan cache:forget myCachedKeyName

will be translated to:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/cache/forget?args=key:myCachedKeyName


Another one:

php artisan optimize:clear -v

will be translated to:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/optimize/clear?options=v


A Generator one:

php artisan make:model MyModel --controller -f

will be translated to:

https://domain.com/artisan/api/make/model/MyModel?options=controller,f

Options with more than one character will be translated to --option.

Responses

After calling an endpoint, you will receive a Json response.

Successful

When everything works perfectly: status : 200 OK

{
  ok: true,
  status: 200,
  output: "Output of the command, given by Artisan"
}
Not found

When inputed command is not found by application: status : 404 Not Found

{
  ok: false,
  status: 404,
  output: "Command "command:subcommand" is not defined."
}
Invalid Arguments format

When arguments are given by an invalid format: status : 500 Server Error

{
  ok: false,
  status: 500,
  output: "Argument(s) 'key:value' given by an invalid format."
}
Invalid Options format:

When options are given by an invalid format: status : 500 Server Error

{
  ok: false,
  status: 500,
  output: "Options(s) 'key:value' given by an invalid format."
}

Forbidden routes

You might want to limit access to some critical commands like db:seed. Artisan-Api has thought about it and make those commands inaccessible by client. To specify forbidden commands, you are encouraged to add them within config/artisan.php file:

return [
    ...,

    'forbidden-routes' => [
        'clear-compiled',
        'tinker',
        'up',
        'down',
        'serve',
        'completion',
        '_complete',
        'db*', // all `db:seed` and `db:wipe` will be inaccessible
        '*publish' // like `vendor:publish`
    ]
];

Whenever client wants to access these commands by endpoints, it will be given a 404 NOT_FOUND HTTP response.

Authentication

All enpoints will be generated under the api middleware of Laravel and prevented by built-in authnetication system, mostly with Sanctum and API tokens.

Configurations

As mentioned before, there is a configuration config/artisan.php file. You are free to modify specified values as you desire.

API Prefix and HTTP Method

Here, it is possible to change default API prefix and customize it as necessary. In addition you can access endpoints with any HTTP method as you set.

return [
    ...
    'api' => [
        'prefix' => "/artisan/api",
        'method'    => 'POST', // or ['POST', 'PUT']
    ],
    ...
];

Auto Run

For some reason and mostly on production mode, you do not want to allow commands to be executed by HTTP request. To prevent this behavior, set that auto-run to false:

return [
    ...
    'auto-run' => false,
    ...
];

This prevents not to load package's service-provider (ArtisanApiServiceProvider) by default.

Middlewares

There are two middlewares in Artisan-Api.

CheckEnvMode middleware exists to abort requests while in production environment.

AbortForbiddenRoute middleware exists to throw 404 NOT_FOUND status code while accessing to forbidden routes.

Useful tips

;)

Todo

  1. It'd better be done to take args and options in query string, to be array.
    • Like: `?arg[key1]=value1&arg[key2]=value2 (it is a more standard way to deal with query string values)
  2. Implement a way to deal with interactive commands like tinker (maybe can be implemented by socket)
  3. Make response more readable for users, (remove "\n", ...)

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